The organization and structure of postgraduate education varies in different countries, as well as in different institutions within countries. This article outlines the basic types of courses and of teaching and examination methods, with some explanation of their history.
Types of postgraduate qualification
There are two main types of qualifications studied for at the postgraduate level: academic and vocational degrees.
The term degree in this context means the moving from one stage or level to another (from Frenchdegré, from Latindē- + gradus), and first appeared in the 13th century.